|Langur at Gangaramaya (Vihara) Buddhist Temple (from TripAdvisor)|
Some species have adapted to city life and made their home in the city.
Foxes, Badgers in London, and Red Tailed Hawks, Ospreys, Racoons in New York City are examples.
In Sri Lanka I think there are more snakes (per sq meter) in suburban Colombo compared to say the Dry Zone. There troops of moneys (Langur including Purple Faced and Macaque ) now in Aturugiriya, Gangaramaya, Battaramulla and Kotte. We in WilpattuHouse have troop nearby around the Nelum Wewa, but thats bordering the Wilpattu National Park.
So why are some animals able to adapt to city life.
From the BBC
Omnivorous and have adapted their foraging behaviours to be able to exploit more anthropogenic food sources. Generalists so they are better able to cope with change than other animals that are specialised to specific habitats.In line with that, there is evidence that urbanisation is driving increases in brain size. A 2013 study showed that white-footed mice and meadow voles from cities had greater cranial capacities than their country cousins. From BBC via Naked Capitalism
What underlies this adaptability? There's probably no single answer, but research on birds suggests it helps to be smart.
Records of 82 common bird species that occur in and around 12 cities in France and Sweden. Those with larger brains, relative to their bodies, were more likely to successfully breed in cities. These successful brainiacs included tits, crows and wrens.
(Note: In Sri Lanka the Jungle Crow is larger than the Urban Crows. Maybe brian size similar, but city crow will have larger brain to body ratio because the city crrow is smaller). Also see Birdwatching in an Urban (Sri Lanka) Environment is Possible