The genus name Ocimum is derived from the Greek word meaning "to smell. Ocimum is appropriate for most members of the plant family Lamiaceae, also known as the mint family. With over 40 cultivars of basil, this abundance of flavors, aromas, and
colors leads to confusion when identifying specific cultivars. In Indian languages many of the cultivars are called something tulasi
- Ocimum gratissimum The most common in Sri Lanka. Maduruthala (මදුරුතලා). Also called clove basil
- Ocimum horapha Thai Basil is widely used throughout Southeast Asia a It is the cultivar most often used for Asian cooking in Western kitchens.
- Ocimum . tenuiflorum Holy basil, hs a spicy, peppery, clove-like taste. The basil Thai people love most.It is also known as Thai holy basil or by its Indian name, tulasi or tulsi; it is widely used in India for culinary, medicinal, and religious purposes.
|Sweet basil is light green with wide leaves.Thai basil has purple stems and flowers and spear-like leaves|
|Ocimum gratissimum - Maduru Tala|
Tulasi Maduruthala (මදුරුතලා) Mosquito Repellent and other benefit (Sinhala)